Mechanoskopia oraz ślady wybuchu i powystrzałowe

Stoliki GSR, wykrywanie śladów metalu i powybuchowych, odtwarzanie zniszczonych numerów, wykrywanie śladów spermy i badanie dokumentów

Część poniższa katalogu obejmuje szereg zagadnień dotyczących:

  • użycia broni palnej. W celu wykrycia cząsteczek powystrzałowych należy zabezpieczyć ślady za pomocą wymazówek lub stolików GSR. Umożliwia to przeprowadzenie późniejszych badań metodą AAA (Atomic Absorption Analysis) lub też metodą SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy).
  • użycia metalowych narzędzi przestępstwa, pozostawiających na rękach sprawcy cząsteczki. Zastosowanie odpowiednich środków wywołuje reakcję barwną występującą na skórze sprawcy.
  • wykrywania cząsteczek użycia materiałów wybuchowych. Odpowiednie rodzaje odczynników umożliwiają wstępną identyfikację materiałów wybuchowych, której wyniki muszą być potwierdzone poprzez badania laboratoryjne.
  • odtwarzania zniszczonych numerów identyfikacyjnych. W zależności od rodzaju podłoża na którym występowują zatarte pola numerowe, oferowane są odczynniki do aluminium, stali i miedzi.
  • przestępstw seksualnych. Do wykrywania spermy mogą być stosowane jednorazowe ampułki lub kasetki.
  • badań dokumentów. Oferowane są sablony przydatne do badań klasycznych jak również środki chemiczne do badań podłoża.




When a weapon is fired, gunpowder residues are propelled toward the target. Primer and gunpowder residues are also blown back in the direction of the shooter. In most cases, trace amounts of these residues are deposited on the shooter’s firing hand. The detection of these trace residues can give valuable information regarding whether or not a particular individual has recently fired a weapon. The collection of primer residues deposited on the hand of the shooter—normally on the thumb web and the back of the hand holding the weapon, is accomplished through sampling for SEM or AAA analysis. Determining whether or not a particular person has fired a weapon is normally accomplished by measuring the amount of barium and antimony on the suspect’s hands. Atomic absorption spectrophotometry analysis has proven to be very successful in identifying these trace residues.


Atomic absorption analysis

Atomic Absorption Analysis is considered to be a sensitive and most effective method for the detection of firearm discharge residue on the skin or clothing of a suspect. The AAA process has been accepted in federal and state courts as conclusive evidence In numerous cases. The AAA process detects the presence of barium, antimony, copper and lead. Barium and antimony are present in the primers of most United States-made and some European brands of ammunition, while copper and lead particles originate from cartridge cases and projectiles. Upon detonation of a cartridge, these elements are deposited on the shooter’s hands. The AAA100 kits are used to swab the entire surface of the suspect’s hands or clothing (see photos left). The samples taken are then submitted for laboratory analysis. Due to the extreme sensitivity of atomic absorption analysis, the swabs, preservation tubes, nitric acid solution and container must be free from contamination. The AAA100 kit contains 10 individual test kits and the components of each are handled under controlled conditions to ensure absolute minimum contamination.


Cat. no AAA100, Atomic Absorption Analysis Test Kit/10 Test Kits



This trace residue collection kit contains all the necessary items for the uniform recovery of primer residue from a suspected shooter’s hand. Access to a (SEM) scanning electron microscope is the only prerequisite.


Cat. no GRA200, Primer Residue Collection Kit for SEM

Cat. no GRA200S, Primer Residue Collection Kit for SEM with Serialized Stubs



Specifically designed for those departments with access to scanning elektron microscopy and atomic absorption analysis. The GRA series gunshot residua analysis kits feature special alloy aluminum specimen mounts containing Orly trace levels of barium, lead or antimony—the most common constituents In primers. Simply remove the cap with carbon-covered metal stub, apply to the questioned hand area and return the metal stub to its original location in the holder. Specific and sensitive collection for gunshot residue in an economical and uncomplicated kit. Also included in the GRA100 are all the necessary components to collect primer residue for atomic absorption analysis.


Cat. no GRA100, Primer Residue Collection Kit for SEM and AAA

Cat. no GRA100S, Primer Residue Collection Kit for SEM and AAA with Serialized Stubs


Primer Residue Collection Kit for SEM (2 Stub)

The GRA300 is designed for use by departments that anticipate submitting evidence for Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The GRA series kits feature special Allom aluminum specimen mounts that contain only trace levels of barium, antimony, or lead—the most common constituents in cartridge residue. GRA tests are specific and sensitive for collection of gunshot residue using SEM techniques, are economical, and are not complex.


Cat. no GRA300, Primer Residue Collection Kit for SEM, 2 Stub

Cat. no GRA300S, Primer Residue Collection Kit for SEM, 2 Stub with Serialized Stubs



The distance of a firearm discharge is an important factor in crime scenes. The close range firing in a suicide, murder or Rother crime involving firearms can be determined by the detection of powder particles. A study of the scorching, blackening and powder patterns on the object or victim AT the crime scene can tell much about the distance and angle of firing. Dark rings around the bulle hole due to abrasion Or dirt can be confused with charring and blackening resulting from discharge. Small gunpowder particles, however, may go unnoticed if a sensitive method is not used. Therefore, a chemical test for the nitrite (burned) particles of gunpowder is very useful In a study of crime scenes involving firearm discharges—both on the victim and the criminal. The two-step reaction involved in the formation of orange dye is known as diazotization and coupling. It is this combination of reactions that is specific for nitrite ions. The No. GPD100 kit provides a sensitive and specific metod for the detection of nitrite particles at the crime scene. The sensitivity of the test eliminates the possibility of omission and error attending visual examination of the crime scene. By utilizing this kit, it is possibile to distinguish between close-range and distant firearm discharge. Closerange firing and approximate distances can be determined by the powder tattooing on the body or clothing of the victim. After the development of nitrite particles, test paper should be photographed for a permanent record of particle dispersion.


Cat. no GPD100, Gunpowder Particle Detection Kit



This is a necessary kit for the investigation of any crime involving the use of firearms. Specific detection of primer residues (antymony and barium) and the determination of contact with a weapon (trace metal) can be performed. All the components are pre-measured, packaged, and contaminant-free for excellent sensitivity and unlimited laboratory testing.


Cat. no MFD200, Master Firearms Detection Kit


Trace Metal Detection Kit

The trace metal detection technique (TMDT) makes metal trace patterns visible on skin and clothing that has been treated with a test solution and then illuminated by shortwave ultraviolet (254nm) light. Examination allows an investigator to determine whether or not a suspect has been in contact with certain metal objects.


Cat. no TMDT100, Trace Metal Detection Kit



This kit provides rapid screening for explosive residue to verify the presence of nitrates. Due to improvements in testing technique, the process is extremely sensitive and ideal for field or lab use. Tests have been performer with debris the size of a grain of salt— Chile not conclusive for the presence of explosives, it is an effective screening tool for pinpointing “hot” locations.


Cat. no ERTT10, Explosives Residue Test Kit


Gunpowder particle TEST KIT

The BlueView™ Gunpowder Particle Test Kit is a fast, reliable field test for detection of trace nitrates found in gunpowder. When a weapon is fired, gunpowder is blown back in the direction of the shooter and trace amounts of these residues are deposited on the shooter’s firing hand or clothing. Detection of these trace residues can give valuable information regarding whether or not a particular person has recently fired a weapon. SIRCHIE® has developed this presumptive field test kit in a simple-to-use pouch format that can be deployed without any specialized training or equipment and results appear in seconds. This format will allow for presumptive on-the-spot testing at crime scenes or anywhere a suspect may be apprehended. Simply press the special collection lifter against the back and palm surfaces of both the suspect’s hands. or clothing. Place the included ampoule in the center of the lifter and return to the pouch. Fold over the top of the pouch, replace the clip and crush the ampoule. Shake well, if gunpowder particles are present, blue specks and/or smears will appear within a few seconds.


Cat. no BV100, BlueView™ Gunpowder Particle Test Kit/Box of 10 Tests



RESTOR-A-GEL® enables investigators to perform restoration in the field on metal surfaces. The gel consistency of the reagent permits application with a spatula to either a vertical or horizontal surface. No damming or tear-down of engine is required; applies just like grease. Gel reagents have 50% more concentration for minimum etching time; also can be used with the No. 284A accelerator.


Cat. no RAG1001, Restoration Gel for Steel, 1 oz., (30ml)

Cat. no RAG2001, Restoration Gel for Aluminum, 1 oz., (30ml)

Cat. no RAG3001, Restoration Gel for Copper, 1 oz., (30ml)


RESTOR-A-GEL® Number Restorati on kit

This is a complete kit containing the necessary reagents to restore serial numbers and other identifying characteristics that have been destroyed— leaving no visible tracks. Obliterated marks on ferrous and non-ferrous metals can be restored to visibility with RESTOR-A-GEL® compounds.


Cat. no RAG500, RESTOR-A-GEL® Number Restoration Kit



Restore the original manufacturer’s stamped serial numbers on most commercially available plastics, including items such as TVs and stereo equipment with RESTO-PLAS™. Just apply the special reagent to the surface, air dry, then apply direct heat with a hot air dryer. Ground off numbers pop up for easy recording and photographing. Each reagent test unit includes 4 ml of plastic etching reagent in a resealable glass vial and four cotton-tip applicator swabs.


Cat. no RPR1006, Restoration Reagents for Plastic, 6 pk.



This electrolytic-acid etching accelerator is for use in restoring obliterated serial numbers and other identifying marks that have been removed by filing or grinding. It operates from self-contained dry cell 1.5 volt “D” batteries for maximum portability and flexibility. This compact, lightweight model is ideal for field or lab use.


Cat. no 284A, Field and Lab Restoration Accelerator w/ Batteries


Master Number Restorati on Kit

This is a complete kit for use in the field or lab and permits the use of liquid etching reagents in resealable glass ampoules or the RESTOR-AGEL ® reagents. It includes all the necessary support equipment and the No. 284A restoration accelerator. Identifying marks on iron, steel, aluminum, copper and their alloys may be restored with ease using this kit. Complete instructions with application recommendations are included.


Cat. no MNR100, Master Number Restoration Kit


Seminal Fluid— The Acid Phosphatase Test

This test is considered to be the most conclusive, non-spermatozoa test for the presence of semen. The content of this enzyme is from 20 to 400 times greater in human semen than in any other fluid. This fact makes it unlikely that another material would test positive and give false results. The reagents for determining the presence of acid phosphatase in suspected stains are sealed in glass ampoules to ensure their integrity and long life. Preliminary examination before testing should be accomplished with longwave ultraviolet lights or an alternate light source such as BLUEMAXX™. The reagents should not be applied directly to suspected stains, Hus eliminating possible contamination in subsequent laboratory tests of the recovered evidence. The “contact” method, i.e., wetted filter paper is touched to the suspect area and the reagent is then applied to the contact paper only.


Seminal Fluid Dischaps™

Feature pre-measured reagents, each individually sealed in a glass ampoule. The ampoules are then sealed in SIRCHIE’s unique polyethylene applicators. This form of packaging ensures against contamination of reagents, while providing test integrity.


Cat. no DCS100, Seminal Fluid DISCHAPS™ with Contact Paper, 6 pk.



This is a complete master field and lab kit that enables the investigator to perform contact testing and verification of suspected seminal stains. Components of the various reagents are sealed in Glass ampoules to eliminate contamination and assure unlimited storage life. Applicators are disposable. Because of the specificity of the test, Orly minute quantities are required for identification and stains up to four years in age have responded positively. The contact transfer technique is used to verify the presence of semen eliminating contamination probability.


Cat. no SF298, Master Seminal Fluid Test Kit


RSID™ Semen Detection Field Test Kit

This presumptive test for semen is great to use in the field as a confirmatory test for human semen. The test is specific for human semenogelin antigen. There is no cross reactivity with other body fluids or animal semen. Strip test results are complete in 10 minutes. Each kit includes 10 test units and protocol.


Cat. no IDSE200, RSID™ Semen Detection Field Test Kit, 10 tests/box


RSID™ Saliva Detection Field Test Kit

This presumptive test for saliva is great to use in the field as a confirmatory test for human saliva. The test is specific for human salivary (amyA) antigen. There is no cross reactivity with blood, semen, urine, vaginal secretions, or menstrual blood. Strip test results are complete in 10 minutes. Each kit includes 10 test units and protocol.


Cat. no IDSA300, RSID™ Saliva Detection Field Test Kit, 10 tests/box


RSID™ Bodily Fluid Detection Field Test Kit

This kit combines 4 presumptive blood tests, 4 presumptive semen tests, and 2 Presumptive saliva tests and protocols.


Cat. no IDBF400, RSID™ Bodily Fluid Detection Field Test Kit, 10 tests/box


Questioned Document Analysis

Document Examination Plates are ideal for direct photography. Fine line and accurate detail permit a more comprehensive analysis of a variety of situations. Viewing is simplified and shadows eliminatek since the printed image is on the bottom of each glass plate.



The upper portion of this plate is used to determine the slant angle of handwriting in either direction. The lower section is used to determine letter frequency or the space factor of handwriting.



The upper portion of this plate is used to determine the slant angle of handwriting, up to 60° clockwise and 35° counterclockwise. The larger Lower section is used to rapidly compare slant angle between questioned and known samples of handwriting. Dimensions: 10”W x 8”H x 1/16” (25.4cm x 20.3cm x 1.6mm)


Cat. no 372H, Slope Protractor & Letter Frequency Plate

at. no 373H, Handwriting Letter Slant & Comparison Plate



This plate is used to determine the angle of tilted characters, up to 5° in either direction. Dimensions: 7” x 5” x 1/16” (17.8cm x 12.7cm x 1.6mm)



This plate is used to detect any abnormal horizontal or vertical alignment of typewritten characters. Dimensions: 10”W x 8”H x 1/16” (25.4cm x 20.3cm x 1.6mm)


Cat. no 370H, Type Angle Plate

Cat. no 371H, Typewriter Measurement Plate


Handwriti ng analysis instrument

The combination of this unit with reticles makes it a must for any investigator involved in handwriting analysis. An excellent 5X magnifier and any one of 16 transparent analysis reticles may be assembled to make a very convenient handwriting analysis instrument.


Cat. no HC100, Handwriting Analysis Instrument w/16 reticles



Whenever writing is made on a leaf or sheet of a pad or book, not only is the top sheet affected, but the under sheets also receive impressions from chich it is possible to determine the text of the original writing. These impressions are called “indented writing” and it is possible to develop these latent impressions with the reagents furnished with this kit. Individual application vials for the reagents provide unlimited storage life.


Cat. no IRS1001, Indented Writing Restoration Kit


Erased Writing Detection Kit

This is the most complete erased writing detection kit available. It enables the investigator to restore erased writing with chemical or fuming reagents. An ultraviolet light is included for preliminary inspection of the questioned document prior to chemical treatment. A 5X magnifier is a necessary addition to the kit. The ultraviolet light may be converted to white light for microscope illumination. Individual applicator vials are provided for increased storage life and cross-contamination control.


Cat. no EWD1001, Erased Writing Detection Kit


Master Questioned Document Kit

One of the most complete kits available for the examination and analysis of questioned documents. The kit includes equipment for color analysis of inks, restoration of altered writing, indented writing, indented writing restoration and thin layer chromatography identification of ballpoint and felt tip pen ink. A combination longwave and shortwave UV light, 5X magnifier, optical analysis instrument and questioned document analysis plates also included.



  • Thin Layer Chromatography Analysis of inks
  • Erased Writing Detection
  • Indented Writing Restoration
  • Ink Comparison
  • Ultraviolet Examination
  • Handwriting and Typewriting Analysis Instruments


Cat. no MQDA500, Master Questioned Document Kit


Portable Police Laboratory

The most complete investigation unit in the world. Truly portable and versatile, this kit contains the largest selection of investigative aids available today. The reagents provided for testing blood, semen, narcotics and firearms residues are non-destructive contact methods and will not interfere with subsequent, formal laboratory analysis. The tests, when performed In the field, will enable the investigator to search, screen and identify physical evidence. All testing is performed through the utilization of pre-measured, disposable, non-contaminating ampoules, eliminating the possibile contamination or misuse of the reagents.


Cat. no 1000M, Portable Police Laboratory